- Blackjack Tan Stoneware Clay
- Potter’s wheel
- Throwing bat
- Wooden rib tool
- Wooden knife tool
- Wire tool
- Loop tool
- Wooden flat ended tool
Preparing The Clay
Weigh out desired amount of clay. Prepare the clay by wedging it.
*Wedging is the process of pushing and pressing on clay to expel all air bubbles trapped in it and to bring the clay to a uniform, consistent moisture level.
Form clay into a sphere and slam it onto the center of the bat attached to the potter’s wheel.
Wet hands and clay.
Turn the potter’s wheel on and center the clay.
Flatten The Form
Using the side of one hand, firmly pull the clay back towards the body.
Repeat several times until the clay is the desired width and thickness.
Compress The Floor
Use the wooden rib to compress the floor of the form by pulling the tool across the the clay and back towards the body.
Use the wooden knife tool to pull up the sides of the flattened clay form.
Use a wet shammy to smooth the top of the rim.
Slip a wire tool under the base of the form cutting it off the bat.
Allow the clay to dry to a leather hard state.
Thin the base of the plate using the loop tool in a spiral line starting from the center of the form and moving towards the edges.
Carve a foot ring into the bottom of the plate using the loop tool.
Compress the base of the plate with a flat ended tool.
Smooth the foot ring with a wet shammy.
Allow the clay to bone dry.
*Bone Dry is clay from which as much water as possible has evaporated from the piece; if you hold it to your cheek, it will seem dry instead of cold and damp.
This clay looks and feels chalky and is very fragile; it is at this stage that clay pieces are fired in the kiln.
Fire the clay form in the kiln to bisque fire temperature.
*Bisqueware is an unglazed clay piece that has been fired in the kiln once at a low temperature and is ready to be glazed.
Apply glaze to the bisque plate according to manufacturer’s recommendations.
Fire the glazed plate in the kiln.
*Glazeware is a clay piece that has been fired twice - once in a bisque firing and a second time in a glaze firing; it has a glossy or matte glasslike finish and a smooth texture.